Operating Instructions batteries

Lead starter battery

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

1. SECURITY MEASURES

1.1. Do not short-circuit the battery terminals.

1.2. Do not operate the battery with poor: the contacts between the battery terminals and the terminals of the wires.

1.3. Do not smoke and use an open flame in rooms where the battery is charged.

1.4. When working with electrolyte, examining the battery, the eyes should be protected with glasses.

1.5. After any work with the battery and electrolyte, you should wash your hands with soap and water.

1.6. If the electrolyte hits your skin or clothing, wash it immediately with running water, then with a solution of soda.

1.7. The battery pack filled with electrolyte must be stored in places that are inaccessible to children.

1.8. Connection and disconnection of the battery from the vehicle's on-board network is performed with the consumers switched off. First connect the positive terminal, and then the negative, connected to the vehicle mass. Disconnect in the reverse order.

1.9. The battery must be securely fixed in the vehicle's standard installation place, the connection terminals are tightly clamped to the pole terminals, and the wires themselves are weakened.

2. BATTERY PREPARATION FOR OPERATION

2.1. Before operating the battery, it is absolutely necessary to remove the packing material from the battery and to study the operating instructions.

2.2. The approximate degree of charge of the battery can be determined from the voltage without load (see the table below) and the density of the electrolyte in the batteries with plugs.

2.3. It should be taken into account that after a charge or operation on a car, the battery takes 12-15 hours to stabilize the electrical parameters, after which it is possible to measure the degree of charging with voltage.

3. OPERATION OF BATTERY

3.1. Operation of the battery on vehicles is allowed only with a working charging system (with a relay-controller voltage ranging from 13.8V to 14.4V for 12V power supply systems, and for 24V power supply systems, from 26.8V to 28.0V in the summer and from 28,0 V to 29,6 V in the winter), the leakage current is not more than 30 mA, the density of electrolyte according to the Table and the level of electrolyte is not lower than 10 mm above the plates.

3.2. When starting the engine, the duration of the starter should not exceed 10 seconds for carburetor vehicles, for diesel engines - 15 seconds. If the start attempt fails, you need to take a break for 1 minute. After that, you can start the restart again. After five failed launches it is recommended to check the ignition system and fuel supply on the car.

3.3. When operating the battery and at least once a month:

- Check and, if necessary, clean the battery of dust and dirt. If there is an electrolyte on the battery surface, remove it with a cloth soaked in a 10% solution of soda;

- check and, if necessary, clean the ventilation holes in the plugs;

- check the electrolyte level and, if necessary, top up the distilled water to the normal level (if there are plugs). To add electrolyte to the battery with plugs it is possible only in those cases when it is precisely known that the lowering of the electrolyte level occurred due to its splashing;

- check the reliability of fastening the battery in the installation site and the terminals of the wire end ferrules installed on the pole pins;

- at least once a month, check the charge state of the battery. If necessary, charge the battery in accordance with paragraph 4.

3.4. In winter, the requirements of the previous paragraph should be fulfilled (at least once a month).

3.5. Deep battery discharge is unacceptable! At negative temperatures, this leads to freezing of the electrolyte and destruction of the battery case.

 

4. CHARGING THE BATTERY

4.1. The battery must be charged in a specially equipped for this purpose well-ventilated non-residential premises in compliance with the fire safety rules.

4.2. Before starting charging the battery, all plugs (if any) should be removed.

4.3. The battery must be recharged by a factory-made charger in accordance with the instruction manual of this charger and the operating instructions for the battery.

Table: Degree of charge, voltage without load and density of electrolyte.

Voltage without load, V

Degree of charge,%

The density of electrolyte at +25°С, g/cm
12.75-12.60 100-80 1.27-1.26
12.55-12.40 75-65 1.25-1.24
12.35-12.30 50-40 1.23-1.21*

*- the battery cannot be operated, it is required to charge.

4.4. Rechargeable batteries without plugs must be charged with an automatic charger to prevent an intensive overcharge and, as a result, the boiling of the electrolyte.

4.5. The temperature of the electrolyte in the battery must be between +15°C and +25°C before charging. If you cannot measure the temperature due to lack of access to the electrolyte, and the battery was at a lower temperature, then the battery must be kept at room temperature for at least 10 hours before charging.

4.6. It is not allowed to charge the battery at an electrolyte temperature above 50°C.

4.7. For charging, connect the positive battery terminal to the positive terminal of the charger, and the negative terminal to the negative one.

4.8. When charging batteries with plugs, it is necessary to adjust the electrolyte level by adding distilled water in case the level is below the MIN mark or below 10 mm from the upper edges of the plates and separators.

5. ELECTROLYTE

5.1. The density of the electrolyte poured into the dry-charged battery, reduced to +25°C, should be 1.27-1.28 g/cm3.

6. BATTERY STORAGE

6.1. The battery is set to be fully charged. It is recommended to check the voltage on the battery terminals monthly and, if there are plugs, the density of the electrolyte. When the charge level is reduced to 50% (see Table), the battery needs to be charged, the battery cannot be operated.

6.2. For prolonged (seasonal) storage, it is recommended to store the filled and charged batteries in a dry, cold place at a temperature of minus 30°C.

 

7. RECYCLING OF BATTERIES

7.1. A battery that has failed is subject to mandatory delivery to the point of reception of used batteries for subsequent proper disposal.

Protect the environment! Do not dispose of used batteries, take them to specialized  reception points.